In the 1960s when the world faced chronic food shortages, the green revolution was born and it had an enormous impact on Asia, particularly in India and Latin America. These two continents were able to turn food deficits into food surplus by focusing on plant breeding. However, Africa missed out because of the level of investment, infrastructure, capacity and ability to use those techniques was missing. Now, after more than two decades of rising commercial food imports and food aid, the region is experiencing economic problems. Especially as the world’s economic recession has imposed a severe constraint on Africa’s export-oriented economies.