Agriculture offers Africans a pathway to economic transformation, especially for the top performers across the continent.
It accounts for two-thirds of the livelihoods in Africa. Yet, although the sector has pushed forward in modernization and technical advancement, many challenges remain.
Low productivity plagues countries with the obvious problems in urban centers where many cities depend on food imports to meet local demand. The story in these centers come as a surprise for a region that should be a net exporter of crops.
Considering the fact that Africa provided 8 percent of the world’s total agricultural exports in the 1970s…today that number is a mere 2 percent.
The challenges are known. Africa’s fertilizer usage and mechanization levels are trailing global levels. Agricultural technology usage also remains low.
Farms in the region are small, with the average size of a farm falling below three hectares and the majority of farms still smaller than two hectares.
The agricultural industry is effectively dependent on smallholder and subsistence farmers alike. Scale therefore becomes a major hurdle for many agricultural businesses, with greenfield Click here to read entire article