By Ann Brown
Carlos Cooks was an important figure in the Black Nationalist movement. In many ways, he was the successor to influential Pan-African activist Marcus Garvey. Despite the major role Cooks played in the movement, he is not often remembered today.
Here are 10 things you should know about Black Nationalist pioneer Carlos Cooks.
1. Who he was
Carlos Cooks was born in the Dominican Republic on June 23, 1913. His parents, James Henry Cooks and Alice Cooks, were originally from the island of St. Martin. In 1929, Carlos moved to New York to pursue higher education.
He died in Harlem, New York, on May 5, 1966 at age 53.
2. The UNIA
Cooks was introduced to Marcus Garvey’s Black nationalist fraternal organizations, the Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA) and African Communities League, by his uncle and father. Both were among the many St. Martiners who were Garvey followers. They often took the young Cooks to meetings.
Cooks went on join the Garvey Union and its Universal African Legion. At age nineteen, Cooks was officially recognized by Garvey and became a vital member of the movement.
3. UNIA heir apparent
When Garvey was deported back to his Click here to read entire article